Reducing Electricity Consumption
- Use air conditioning only during working hours. Whenever possible, use natural ventilation, avoiding direct sunlight.
- Adjust lighting according to the task and turn off lights when not needed.
- Adjust climate levels based on activity and weather, setting temperatures to:
- Winter: 20-23 ºC
- Summer: 23-25 ºC
- Close windows when heating or air conditioning is in use. Turn off the climate system in unused rooms.
- Regularly check air conditioning units, cleaning the filters.
- Close doors of refrigerators, stoves, and ovens tightly, avoid unnecessary openings, and don't put hot items in the fridge.
- Set the screensaver to "Black Screen" mode to save energy.
- Disconnect electronic devices not in use.
- Use standby mode for short periods of inactivity. Standby mode turns off the screen, operates the hard drive unit, and turns off other internal devices to reduce battery consumption.
- Turn off computers during extended periods of inactivity.
- Maximize natural light by cleaning windows frequently and efficiently.
- Remove obstacles blocking light or creating shadows. Check the operation of blinds and the orientation of rooms and workspaces for comfort.
- Turn off lights when not needed, encourage personnel and users to turn off unnecessary lights.
- Do not frequently turn fluorescent tubes on and off, as most consumption occurs during startup.
- Do not put very hot items in the refrigerator, as it forces the motor to work harder.
- Regularly clean refrigerators to avoid ice layers that reduce efficiency and increase consumption.
Adjust lighting according to the task.
Perform proper maintenance to avoid light losses.
Turn off lights when not needed.
Water Consumption Reduction
- Avoid misuse and waste of water.
- Establish, whenever possible, a maintenance and inspection program to detect and repair leaks in appliances, review the operation of elements that save water, and check the insulation of hot water pipes.
- Never leave faucets open. Report any leaking faucets.
- Install flow reducers on faucets (services, kitchens, and showers). These are devices that can be incorporated into pipes to prevent water consumption from exceeding a set limit.
- Install faucets with timers where absent or presence detection systems to prevent them from being left open.
- Install diffusers and pressure limiters on faucets.
- Limit the capacity of cisterns while maintaining cleaning capacity with water savings (two-stage discharge, low consumption, lower the float, introduce bottles with water or sand, etc.).
- Reduce water consumption in cooling towers with an appropriate operating and maintenance program (pH controls, alkalinity, conductivity, hardness, algae, concentrations of disinfectants, and corrosion and precipitation inhibitors).
- Descale hard waters to keep the installation in good condition.
- Ensure that the amount of water used in cleaning is essential.
- Wash vehicles less frequently and/or use washers that recycle water.
- Avoid pouring remnants of paints, varnishes, solvents, or oils down the drain as it hinders water purification.
- If there are green areas in the company, establish watering during low sunlight hours to reduce evaporation losses and use efficient irrigation systems (drip and/or micro-sprinkling).
Install water-saving elements whenever possible.
In all activities, avoid waste and misuse of water.
Fuel Consumption Reduction
- Periodically check the car's oil level to obtain better vehicle performance and reduce CO2 emissions.
- Check tire pressure. Tires with lower than the proper pressure can increase fuel consumption by up to 4%.
- Remove unnecessary weight from the trunk or rear seats. The heavier the car, the more the engine has to work, increasing fuel consumption.
- Avoid overloading the truck with weight and try to distribute the load evenly for efficiency.
- Close windows, especially when driving at high speeds, and remove the roof rack when empty. This reduces air resistance and can decrease fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by up to 10%.
- Use air conditioning only when necessary. Excessive use increases fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by up to 5%.
- Start driving immediately after starting the engine and turn off when stopped for more than a minute.
- Drive at reasonable speeds and at a steady pace, avoid accelerations, and take advantage of inertia.
- Shift gears as early as possible. Consider sharing the vehicle for commuting or leisure.
- Proper use of the gearbox can generate fuel savings. Use the first gear only for starting and shift gears when the vehicle reaches a maximum of 2000-2,500 revolutions. The higher the gear we use, the more fuel we save.
- Always maintain a reasonable distance from other vehicles to have a wide field of view of traffic and avoid unnecessary braking and acceleration.
Save gasoline, reduce pollution, and lighten your wallet.
Reduction of Paper Consumption
- The environmental golden rules:
- The main environmental damage caused by excessive paper use is deforestation.
- Avoid using paper whenever possible. Documents can be stored in digital format and shared via email. Use electronic media as much as possible to reduce printer use.
- Use recycled paper or paper with responsible management certifications such as FSC.
- Avoid printing unnecessary documents, as well as those with many blank spaces, such as PowerPoint presentations.
- Before printing, check for possible errors and improvements in the document, using, for example, the "preview" feature.
- Use both sides of the paper when photocopying and printing documents.
- All internal documents will be printed by reusing paper or using recycled paper and double-sided.
- Reuse any single-sided printed paper for printing drafts.
- Print in draft quality to avoid ink waste and facilitate reuse.
- Recycle unusable paper using specific containers for this purpose.
- When printing, use eco-friendly fonts like Ecofont, which reduces the amount of ink used.
The manufacture of one ton of paper from virgin cellulose requires 2400 kg of wood, 15-40 thousand liters of water, 7600 kW/h of energy, and the release of 1500 kg of chemical pollutants into rivers and lakes.
- Hazardous waste is identified in the company with the corresponding label indicating the packaging or first deposit date.
- Peril symbols have a white background with a red border, such as the following examples:
- These wastes cannot be stored for more than 6 months.
The following are hazardous wastes:
- Contaminated plastic or metal containers
- Fluorescent lights
- Electronic waste
- Absorbents, filtration materials, cleaning cloths, and protective clothing contaminated with hazardous substances
- Sepiolite or absorbent cloths
- Batteries and accumulators
These wastes must be segregated into the corresponding containers for:
- Paper and cardboard
- Generic (Municipal waste that does not go to paper, plastic, or organic)
- Pruning waste
Be Smart with Energy Use
Most of the energy used at home comes from heating, air conditioning, and the use of electrical appliances. Replace conventional bulbs with low-energy bulbs. Energy-efficient electrical and electronic devices typically use 10-50% less energy than regular models. Make the most of daylight as illumination. Use the washing machine and dishwasher when they are full.
Control Phantom Consumption
Connect some equipment (TV, stereo, video, DVD, ...) to "thieves" or multiple connection bases with a switch. By disconnecting the thief or the strip, you turn off all connected devices, saving money on the electricity bill and stopping the emission of greenhouse gases. Some estimates indicate that phantom consumption represents around 10% of electricity consumption in a home.
With Waste: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Consider if you can buy the same products with less or no packaging. How many things do you have at home that you never use? Can some objects be reused for other purposes? Separate glass, paper, containers, and organic compounds to deposit each in its corresponding container.
Find out where to dispose of waste, such as furniture, electrical appliances, batteries, oil, clothing, shoes, toys, etc., that cannot be thrown into conventional containers. Each waste has its container.
Think and Buy Green
Buy products with an ecological label, ensuring that they have been produced with minimal environmental impact. Don't let advertising influence you to buy things you don't really need. When shopping, reuse plastic bags at home or use a reusable fabric bag, linen, raffia, etc. Choose bulk products instead of pre-prepared expanded polystyrene (EPS) trays with a lot of packaging and little content.
Use Sustainable Transport
Walk or bike to the park, work, or your friends' or family's home. Use public transportation, which also helps reduce air pollution. Remember that excessive car use, even for short trips, is the major contributor to CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Private cars represent half of the energy consumed by families.
Care for the Water You Consume
Ensure that faucets are in perfect condition and do not drip. Install atomizers on faucets that decrease the water flow and help save it. Taking a shower involves using a third or more of the water needed for a bath. Do not pour toxic substances such as frying oils, paint residues, etc., down the drain. Find out and take them to a proper disposal point.
Plant and Care for a Tree
Trees help slow down climate change as they absorb carbon dioxide during photosynthesis. Trees also provide shade, helping keep streets and houses cooler during the summer and reducing the need for air conditioning. Plant a native tree adapted to the Mediterranean climate. If you choose a fruit tree, you can also harvest its fruits.
Act for Ecosystems
Climate change will affect how ecosystems function, and changes in ecosystems will affect people. This happens because ecosystems provide us with many services such as clean air and water, food, and medicines. Learn how you can support the protection of natural habitats around where you live, how they will be affected by climate change, and what can be done to protect them.
Pay Attention to the Origin of Your Food
The purchase of food is another activity that results in CO2 emissions. Pay attention to the origin of the food and the processing processes they undergo, as there has been a proliferation of prepared dishes versus traditional lunch foods in recent times. Buy local foods; this will reduce fuel expenses for transportation and decrease emissions. Buy products grown and produced locally. This can save fuel and, therefore, greenhouse gases. Choose a healthy and sustainable diet.